Views: 0 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2015-12-16 Origin: Site
The second World Internet Conference opened in Wuzhen on the 16th. President Xi Jinping will attend the conference and deliver a keynote speech at the opening ceremony. \"Let the development of the Internet benefit 1.3 billion Chinese people\", \"The Internet is not an'outside the law'\", \"Without network security, there is no national security\"...... How to make the development of the Internet benefit the people of the country And to realize the sharing of all mankind, since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping put forward a series of \"network governance concept\". Experts believe that Xi Jinping’s series of views on cyber security governance analyze the changes in the national security situation and clarify China’s macro thinking, strategic deployment, and policy propositions from a cyber power to a cyber power, and understand Xi Jinping’s \"Internet thinking\" We can see that the construction of China's \"network power\" is at the right time and is in full swing.
Xi Jinping put forward the vision of network development in the new era:
Implement the strategy of network powerLet the results benefit all people
After recent rapid development, my country's Internet and informatization have made remarkable achievements. Not only has the Internet entered thousands of households, but the number of Internet users in China ranks first in the world, and it has become a major Internet country. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee, which concluded not long ago, reviewed and approved the \"Proposals of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development\" (hereinafter referred to as the \"Proposals\"), and proposed \"Implementing the Strategy of Network Power, Accelerate the construction of a new generation of high-speed, mobile, secure and ubiquitous information infrastructure\".
In November last year, the first World Internet Conference was held in Wuzhen. In his congratulatory message to the conference, Xi Jinping pointed out that \"China is actively promoting network construction, so that the fruits of Internet development can benefit 1.3 billion Chinese people\"; February 27, 2014 , The Central Network Security and Informatization Leading Group was established, with Xi Jinping as the group leader. At the first meeting of the Central Network Security and Informatization Leading Group, Xi Jinping put forward for the first time a new goal and new vision for the development of network security-\"strive to build my country into a network power\".
Xi Jinping also emphasized at the meeting that the strategic deployment of building a network power must be advanced in tandem with the \"two centenary\" struggle goals, towards the basic popularization of network infrastructure, significant enhancement of independent innovation capabilities, comprehensive development of the information economy, and strong network security guarantees Goals keep moving forward. He pointed out, \"We must have our own technology and excellent technology; we must have a rich and comprehensive information service and a prosperous network culture; we must have a good information infrastructure to form a strong information economy; we must have high-quality Network security and information technology talent team; it is necessary to actively develop bilateral and multilateral Internet international exchanges and cooperation\".
Wang Yuanhong, chief economist of the Economic Forecasting Department of the State Information Center, said in a guest interview program on Minwang.com that the Internet is one of the areas where China is relatively close to Western developed countries in the global economy, or that we are better developed. Using the Internet as a platform to build a modern information economy has very important and comprehensive significance. The development of the Internet is of great significance for China to expand investment and consumption in the future, improve the convenience of people's lives, and provide the government's governance capabilities. It is time to build a network power.
Wang Shiwei, director of the Information Research Institute of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, analyzed that Xi Jinping deeply grasped the new characteristics and new laws of social development in the information age, and paid close attention to the profound impact of cyberspace on the global economy, politics, culture, society, ecology and other fields, and clarified China The macro thinking, strategic deployment, and policy propositions of moving from a cyber power to a cyber power have clarified the specific tasks and requirements of cyber security governance in the national governance system and governance capacity building. Xi Jinping’s goal and vision of a cyber power is an important part of my country’s efforts to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It is the internal driving force that condenses and inspires the efforts of all parties in cyber security governance.
Deepening and refinement of the overall national security concept:
Cybersecurity andInformationization \"Two-wheel drive\"
\"There is no national security without network security, and there is no modernization without informatization.\" \"Network security and informatization affect many areas of a country\", Xi Jinping once emphasized. In today's world, science and technology are advancing with each passing day. Informatization and economic globalization are mutually reinforcing. Modern information technologies such as the Internet, cloud computing, and big data have profoundly changed the way human beings think, produce, live, and learn. As an important component of the overall national security system and an important field of non-traditional security, cyber security involves national security and social stability. Its development strategy has become an important part of the realization of the \"two centenary\" goals and the Chinese dream. New comprehensive challenges.
At the first meeting of the Central Network Security and Informatization Leading Group, Xi Jinping pointed out that network security and informatization are the two wings of one body and the two wheels of driving. They must be planned, deployed, promoted, and implemented in a unified manner. To do a good job in network security and informatization, it is necessary to properly handle the relationship between security and development, be coordinated, go hand in hand, use security to ensure development, use development to promote security, and strive to build a long-term security trend and grow a governance industry.
Zhong Kaibin, an associate professor of the Emergency Management Department of the National School of Administration, said in an interview with reporters that, unlike the traditional \"manageable and controllable\" telecommunications network or radio and television network, the Internet is formed by the equal connection of global computers according to unified technical standards. The huge network, with the characteristics of openness without borders, has become a major regional and global challenge equivalent to climate change, terrorism, transnational crime, infectious diseases, and severe natural disasters.
According to Wang Shiwei’s analysis, Xi Jinping’s series of views on cybersecurity governance have captured the bull nose of the overall national security concept, grasped the key to the top-level design of national security, and embodied the research and judgment of the extreme importance of cybersecurity in the overall national security concept. It is deeply discussed that network security is a security issue concerning the overall situation and an indispensable core element in the overall security concept. \"The two-wheel drive concept of one body and two wings\" is the new thesis and new requirements put forward by Xi Jinping. It expounds the dialectical relationship between the important influence of informatization on network security and the driving role of network security on informatization. Informatization continues to promote new ideas for strengthening national security governance under the environment, which is innovative and leading to national cyber security governance. These expositions provide ideological wisdom, guiding basis and starting measures for how to modernize the cyberspace governance system and governance capabilities under the new situation. Accurately grasping its scientific connotation and spiritual essence will promote the \"fast lane\" of national cyberspace governance towards a sound, fast, and stable \"fast lane\".
Promote the healthy development of the \"Fifth Territory\":
Build a clear cyberspace together
Strong culture and prosperous country. A network power should also be a network culture power. Xi Jinping pointed out: \"There must be a rich and comprehensive information service, a prosperous network culture\", \"Network information flows across borders, information flow leads technology flow, capital flow, and talent flow, and information resources are increasingly becoming an important production Factors and social wealth, the amount of information mastered has become an important indicator of the country’s soft power and competitiveness. As a sign of soft power, it is necessary to establish a sense of network culture based on Chinese civilization, and to effectively develop and expand China's network culture industry to enhance the influence of my country's network culture. Let the network culture rooted in the Chinese civilization root in the network power. Xi Jinping also emphasized: \"Doing a good job of online public opinion is a long-term task. It is necessary to innovate and improve online publicity, use the laws of online communication, promote the main theme, stimulate positive energy, vigorously cultivate and practice socialist core values, and grasp the guidance of online public opinion. The timing, degree, and effectiveness of the network make the cyberspace clearer.\"
The \"Recommendations\" adopted by the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee proposed that we must firmly grasp the correct guidance of public opinion, improve the social public opinion guidance mechanism, and spread positive energy. Strengthen the construction of online ideological and cultural positions, implement network content construction projects, develop a positive network culture, and purify the network environment. Promote the integrated development of traditional media and emerging media, accelerate the digitalization of media, and create a batch of new mainstream media. Optimize media structure and standardize communication order. Strengthen the building of international communication capabilities, innovate methods of external communication, cultural exchanges, and cultural trade, and promote Chinese culture to go global.
Ren Xianliang, deputy director of the National Internet Information Office, believes that with the rapid development of the Internet, China's Internet governance has also achieved world-renowned achievements. On the one hand, domestic cyberspace governance has achieved remarkable results. Centering on Xi Jinping’s overall goal of \"clearing cyberspace\", the competent authorities fully apply the rule of law thinking and methods to explore the pipe network, strengthen network legislation, strict network law enforcement, and guide Network enterprises and netizens abide by the law and vigorously promote the legalization of cyberspace. At the same time, it has promoted the transformation of Internet governance from focusing on management to combining management and use, effectively standardizing network behavior, maintaining network order, purifying the network environment, and safeguarding the rights and interests of Internet users.
On July 6 this year, the full text of the \"Network Security Law of the People's Republic of China (Draft)\" (hereinafter referred to as the \"Draft\") was announced to the public to solicit comments and suggestions for improvement. Tan Youzhi, director of the Department of Diplomacy of the University of International Business and Economics, wrote an article that with the development of computer technology and the popularization of the Internet, the political, economic, military, cultural and other social life and production activities of mankind are increasingly dependent on computer networks, and seem to be no trace. The searchable but ubiquitous \"cyberspace\" has gradually become the \"focus\" of competition among countries. Cyberspace has gradually developed into the \"Fifth Territory\" in parallel with the four dimensions of a country's land, sea, air and sky. Tan Youzhi pointed out that this is my country’s first special legislation aimed at cyberspace security. The \"Draft\" is a significant step forward for China’s cybersecurity legislation. The most striking thing is \"Highlight a central idea, taking into account two overall considerations\".
\"Internet+\" willLeading the development of the \"13th Five-Year Plan\":
The arrival of a new era of China's Internet economy
In July last year, the State Council promulgated the \"Guiding Opinions on Actively Promoting the \"Internet +\" Action\", which sounded the clarion call for the comprehensive promotion of the \"Internet +\" strategy. The Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China also proposed that it is necessary to expand the new space for development, use the new development space to cultivate new development momentum, and use the new development momentum to open up new development space. Among them, \"Internet+\" is included in the main line of the development of the \"13th Five-Year Plan\" industry, proposed to expand the network economy space, implement the \"Internet+\" action plan, develop Internet of Things technology and applications, and develop the sharing economy , To promote the integration and development of the Internet and economic society. Implement the national big data strategy and promote the open sharing of data resources. Some media analysts believe that \"China's new era of Internet economic development has arrived!\"
On September 30, 2013, the ninth collective study conducted by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee was impressive. Xi Jinping stepped out of the \"red wall\" and moved \"classroom\" to Zhongguancun, where he carried out a combination of research, explanation and discussion. According to media reports, \"Teachers\" are all entrepreneurs in the field of Internet technology. Among them, Li Yanhong focused on the development of big data, a cutting-edge topic in the field of information technology. Xi Jinping inspected the research and development and application of technologies such as additive manufacturing, cloud computing, big data, and high-end servers. During the inspection, Xi Jinping emphasized that science and technology are becoming the main force driving economic and social development. Innovation drive is the general trend. Forced, \"The prosperity of science and technology leads to the prosperity of the nation, and the strong technology makes the country strong\".
Wang Yuanhong believes that the development of the Internet economy is a choice for the current national industrial structure to move towards high-end. By expanding the content of information services, it can also provide the people with better value-added services. In June this year, Xi Jinping visited the Big Data Plaza in Guiyang City, Guizhou Province. Guizhou's exploration of promoting economic and social development with the development of big data as a breakthrough left a deep impression on Xi Jinping. He praised at the time: \"The development of big data in Guizhou does make sense.\"
Wang Yukai, a member of the National Informatization Expert Advisory Committee and a professor at the National School of Administration, believes that the essence of \"Internet+\" is \"Internet 2.0+Innovation 2.0\", and the integration of \"Internet+\" with any industry can create a lot New business formats and new economic growth models. Now that the innovation-driven strategy is proposed, to a large extent, it will rely on the new carrier of the Internet, coupled with innovative thinking, which will provide unprecedented vitality and release huge energy to economic development. So in this sense, it is the ubiquitous network, ubiquitous computing, ubiquitous software, ubiquitous data, and ubiquitous \"Internet+\". We put forward the \"Internet+\" action plan, coupled with the big goal of building a network power, this will have a profound impact on China's future economic and social development.
Create a \"online version\" community of destiny:
Establish a new international Internet governance system
At present, the game of big powers in cyberspace presents richer connotations, conflicts and cooperation between countries are becoming increasingly complex, and the international power structure is undergoing profound changes. Cyberspace not only brings new challenges to traditional international relations, but also brings economic and social development to different fields. Bring more updated questions. These international factors have brought new challenges to my country's cyberspace governance.
In his congratulatory speech to the first World Internet Conference, Xi Jinping pointed out: \"The Internet has truly turned the world into a global village, and the international community has increasingly become a community of destiny in which you have me and you.\" The development of the Internet is right National sovereignty, security, and development interests have posed new challenges, which urgently require the international community to seriously respond, seek co-governance, and achieve a win-win situation. On July 16, 2014, when Xi Jinping delivered a speech in the Brazilian Congress, he proposed that the international community should build a peaceful, safe, open and cooperative through active and effective international cooperation based on the principles of mutual respect and mutual trust. Cyberspace, the establishment of a multilateral, democratic, and transparent international Internet governance system. \"Wang Shiwei believes that Xi Jinping’s expositions clarify China’s principled position and positive attitude towards global cyber security governance, and embody China’s conscious responsibility as a major country to improve global governance. It embodies the purpose and principles of the UN Charter and the spirit of the international rule of law, and embodies the innovative thinking of constructing a democratic and equal global governance of cyber security.
Zhong Kaibin analyzed that Xi Jinping's speech at the Brazilian Congress first mentioned \"Internet governance system\", emphasizing that no matter how advanced Internet technology is, the information sovereignty of other countries cannot be infringed, let alone sacrificing the security of other countries to seek their so-called absolute security. At present, to reform the international Internet governance system, we need to build the Internet into a global high-quality public product. The Internet must break through the governance system based on the principle of national sovereignty and a small number of western developed countries monopolizing the rule-making power. It is necessary to establish a new governance system characterized by multilateralism, democracy and transparency. It is necessary to establish global Internet governance rules based on equal consultations between countries, so that all countries can fully participate in and formulate the rules of the international Internet governance game. To this end, the international Internet governance system needs to be put on the global discussion agenda more urgently, and the development of The state’s right to know, participate, express, and initiative in discussions.
Regarding the upcoming Second World Internet Conference, Lu Wei, director of the National Internet Information Office, stated on December 9 that China’s hosting of the World Internet Conference is to deepen cooperation to seek a win-win situation and make the Internet more beneficial to the people. Welcome more Many countries have come to join China’s \"Circle of Friends\". Media analysis believes that this conference will help countries around the world to enhance the interconnection of cyberspace, consolidate the confidence for cyber security, and also help Internet giants exchange ideas, explore laws, build consensus, and jointly build peace through active and effective international cooperation. , A safe, open and cooperative cyberspace, and establish a multilateral, democratic and transparent international Internet governance system.